James K. Alford is counsel in the firm’s Washington office. For more than 30 years, James has assisted U.S. and foreign private and public sector clients to design, develop, finance, and implement clean and renewable energy and infrastructure projects, corporate operations and transactions worldwide, with a particular focus on Central and Latin America and Mexico. James was named by Latin America as one of the top 100 lawyers in North America with respect to his Latin America practice and has been recognized by Latin 250 publication as one of the leading business lawyers in Latin America.
James also advises clients on overseas market entry strategies and the legal structures to achieve them, from teaming arrangements and strategic alliances to public-private partnerships, equity joint ventures and stand-alone operations.
As part of his project finance practice, James advises private and public sponsors of international turn-key energy and infrastructure projects on the acquisition of feasibility funds, projects and structured financing, political risk insurance, guarantees, and other financing enhancements from private sources and Washington-based U.S. and multilateral agencies, including the U.S. Overseas Private Investment Corporation, World Bank, International Finance Corporation, U.S. Export-Import Bank, and the Inter-American Investment Corporation.
"Guarantee Structure that Launched Argentina’s Successful Renewable Energy Auctions," April 2017
"The Emergence of Mexico’s Power Sector," November 2016
"The Growth of Trade With Mexico; U.S. – Mexico FTA"
"Q&A Series: Timing of Bid Rounds in Mexico," December 12, 2014
"Q&A Series: Jim Alford on Mexican Energy Reform Challenges, Opportunities," September 23, 2014
"Planning Considerations and Techniques for Companies Expanding into Cross-Border Wind Markets"
"Climate Change Compliance as a Business Opportunity"
"Made in America"
"Establishing Strategic Alliances; Joint Ventures and Teaming Arrangements"
"Establishing Offshore Production Operations in Puerto Rico and the Caribbean"
"Small Foreign Sales Corporations (FSCs) and Interest Charge Domestic International"
"Sales Corporations (DISCs) under the Tax Reform Act of 1984"
"New Developments in United States Export Controls"
Mexican Energy Futures Summit, Mexican Petroleum Institute, Mexico City, September 2018
"Mexico-China Investment, Risks and Opportunities," Mexico-China Seminar, June 2018
Mexico's Current Refineries, Applied Sustainability Leadership Program, April 2018
"The Emergence of Renewable Energy in Latin America," Houston, Texas, 2016
"Project Finance in Argentina and Latin America," Marval, O’Farrell & Mairal, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2016
"Changes to Mexican Oil, Gas and Renewables Sectors under the Mexican Energy Reforms Houston," Texas Railroad Commission Mexican Energy Reforms, Challenges and Opportunities 2014 Texas, 2014
"Implementation of the Mexican Energy Reforms," Locke Lord Contract Considerations in the formation of Public-Private Partnerships under the Counsel Commerce, Houston, 2014
"Successful Public-Private Partnerships; the Role of Public Policies and the Institutional Framework," Bogota, Colombia, 2011
"OECD Legal Considerations Involved in Establishing Operations in Latin America New York," Harvard Club, New York, 2001
"Establishing Offshore Production Operations in Mexico; Maquiladoras In-Bond Program," Ohio Bar Association, Columbus, Ohio, 1999
"Section 926; Production Operations in Puerto Rico," Trade Conference, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1998
"Prospects for the Enactment and Implementation of North American Free Trade Agreement," Gowling, Strathy & Henderson and U.K. Commercial Office, Toronto, Canada, 1995
"Options for Entry into the EC Market by U.S. Computer and Computer Software Companies After 1992," International Trade Association of Northern Virginia, Washington, D.C., 1993
Chairman, International Energy and Transactions Committee, Energy Bar Association
Member, District of Columbia Bar Association, International Law and Corporate Finance section
Member, American Bar Association
Member, International Bar Association, International Law and Taxation sections
Supreme Court of the United States
U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit
U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia
Advised NRG Energy, Inc. on project development and financing issues in connection with acquiring and developing greenfield and brownfield solar projects in the Caribbean, and advice on the new electric power laws and regulations under the Mexican Energy Reforms
Advised an international photovoltaic solar energy company with utility-scale project capabilities on the identification of Mexican partners and solar projects to acquire or develop in Mexico
Advising a U.S.-Mexican consortium on the project development and financing of over 200 mgws of photovoltaic solar power plants in Mexico for public and private Mexican offtakers
Advised an international wind company on existing asset acquisitions and new project development in Mexico towards its goal of generating 550 mgw of power by 2021; this included advice on the new laws and regulations on electric power under the Mexican Energy Reforms
Advised a U.S. investment bank on opportunities for investment and project development and finance in natural gas pipeline projects in Mexico, including teaming and joint venture agreements with PEMEX
Advised China Machine Building International Corporation on investment and EPC contract opportunities in electric power in Mexico
Advised the Texas Railroad Commission, pro bono, on the laws and regulations of the Mexican Energy Reforms
Advising the INDI Fund, a U.S. and Mexico based private equity fund, on fund capitalization and alliances and project development and financing for energy and infrastructure projects in Mexico
Represented Comision Ejecutiva Hidroelectrica del Rio Lempa, El Salvador, on the termination of a public services contract with a prior contractor, and on a new design, build structure for a 66 mgw hydroelectric power plant
Represented Inversiones Energeticas, S.A., a subsidiary of Comisión Ejecutiva Hidroeléctrica del Río Lempa, the leading energy agency of El Salvador, on the structuring of a public-private partnership and project financing for a 50 mgw thermal solar power plant
Advised the Galway Group on the identification of partners and natural gas pipeline and storage projects in Mexico and Colombia
Advised a publicly traded U.S. solar company on establishing photovoltaic solar panel production and distribution operations throughout Central America
Represented Solena Fuels Corporation in project development and financing of plasma pyrolysis waste to energy projects between 40 mgw and 100 mgw in Europe and South Asia in a consortium with leading international general contracting and energy companies
Represented Palma Navitas, LLC on the project development and financing of a biofuels plant and methane recapture facility in Honduras
Advised the Agencia Nacional de Infraestructura, Colombia, pro bono, on the allocation of rights and responsibilities between the public and private sectors for the issuance of concessions under Colombia’s new public-private partnership (PPP) law, which forms the foundation of new PPP projects in infrastructure, energy and other sectors, and the potential use of project bonds
Advised the Foundation for Social and Economic Development, El Salvador, pro bono, on the expectations of international investors and operators for the allocation of rights and responsibilities under El Salvador’s new PPP law
Advised InTrust Global Investments on negotiations with international investment banks to form a consortium to support a bid to represent the Government of Paraguay in financing a $1 billion fund for clean and renewable energy and infrastructure projects
Represented a US LNG company capable of producing scalable LNG facilities using Chart IPSMR technology on techniques for credit enhancing sub-investment grade offtakers of LNG in the Caribbean and Latin America
Advised Allen & Shariff in establishing a joint venture in Colombia with US and Colombian companies to develop and finance a 30 mgw biomass project in Colombia
Advised Korean companies on the potential acquisition and development of two 500 mgw hydroelectric power plants in Colombia
Advised Grupo Prohidrogua, Guatemala, on techniques to develop and finance small scale hydroelectric power plants, 5 to 15 mgws
Advised AxeaGroup and Company on the project development and financing of a 50 mgw geothermal power plant in El Salvador for Grupo CEREN, project sponsor
Advised the Galway Group on entering into a co-venture with ICA and ICA-Fluor, Mexico, to bid on the construction of a $350 million gas pipeline from the Gulf of Mexico
Represented the Kaizen Company in connection with its contract with the US Trade and Development Agency to assist with the development of $50 million in clean and renewable energy projects in Latin America and Africa
Advised AET Partners on the licensing of natural gas purification technology to a Mexican joint venture under contract with PEMEX to clean designated gas reserves
Advised the Cabot Corporation on corporate and financing issues in connection with the commercialization of a new vertical access wind turbine
Advised Allen & Shariff on the formation of a co-venture with a subsidiary of PDVSA for the development of a 40 mgw wind power plant in El Salvador
Formed the Renewable Energy Finance Association to serve as a forum to discuss current and innovative techniques for financing renewable energy projects in the US and internationally
Represented Allen & Shariff on the formation of a co-venture with a Mexican developer to develop and finance $1 billion of mixed-use commercial, residential and medical complexes in Mexico, including public and private hospitals that will be comanaged with Johns Hopkins Medicine International
Advised Allen & Shariff on the formation of a co-venture with Colombian developers and architects to renovate the CAMPIN Soccer Stadium in Bogota, Colombia, with new mixed-use commercial, residential and entertainment sections
Represented a publicly traded U.S. real estate development company and REIT on the formation of a co-venture with a Colombian developer to manage 1,700 units of residential housing for two universities in Bogota, Colombia
Advised the Agencia Nacional de Infraestructura, Colombia, pro bono, on the use of project bonds to help finance the expansion and construction of roads and ports as part of a Colombian Government $50 billion transportation initiative
Represented U.S. and Honduran developers in the formation of a co-venture to develop and finance a 520 unit mixed-use housing project near Teguicgalpa, Houduras, including obtaining limited recourse project financing from the U.S. Overseas Private Investment Corporation
Advised a U.S. and Salvadoran development group on obtaining project financing for the construction of a mixed-use, master-planned commercial and residential development in La Union, El Salvador, in conjunction with the development of La Union’s new deep-water port
Advised Empresa Nacional Portuaria, Honduras, on obtaining a $250 million loan from the Inter-American Development Bank for the expansion of the port, Puerto Cortes, Honduras
Advised a Portuguese road construction company on obtaining equity financing from the Intentional Finance Corporation for a $370 million concession to improve and operate two toll roads in Chile